Arthur Huff Fauset (1899-1983) was an African American anthropologist, folklorist, writer, educator, and activist. His collection of papers includes creative writing, journalism, and correspondence. The Rare Book Collection also holds a small group of books and pamphlets that belonged to Fauset.
Born in New Jersey, Fauset was educated in Pennsylvania. He attended the University of Pennsylvania, receiving an A.B. in 1921, an M.A. in anthropology in 1923, and a PhD in Anthropology in 1942.
Fauset published short stories beginning in the 1920s. He also began publishing articles on African American folklore during this period. In 1944, he published a pioneering study of Black religious life in Philadelphia, Black Gods of the Metropolis. He also wrote on African American history, including a biography of Sojourner Truth. Fauset worked in Philadelphia public schools into the 1940s and was active in Civil Rights organizations and labor organizations throughout his life. Fauset's half-sister was the novelist, essayist, and editor Jessie Redmon Fauset (a photograph of her is contained in his papers).
The Fauset papers (Ms. Coll. 1, 32 boxes) contain a small amount of correspondence. Included are drafts of fiction; an unpublished autobiography; essays and lectures; notes; pedagogical materials; and scrapbooks.
A small group of books were donated by the Estate of Arthur Huff Fauset. In addition to wrtings by Fauset himself, these include works of literature, history, and sociology. Authors include Alain Le Roy Locke, Paul Laurence Dunbar, and Jessie Redmon Fauset.